Employment and Support Allowance
Employment and Support Allowance is a benefit that you may already be receiving if you can’t work as a result of illness or disability – it has replaced Incapacity Benefit, Income Support on disability grounds, and Severe Disablement Allowance.
If you need to make a new claim for benefits and can't work as a result of your illness or disability in most circumstances you would now need to claim Universal Credit instead of ESA.
You can claim 'new style' ESA/Contribution-Based. You are eligible for 'new style' ESA if you have paid enough National Insurance (NI) contributions in the two previous tax years and you will receive it for up to six months. If you need to claim for help with your rent you can make a claim for Universal Credit as well as your claim for 'new style' ESA.
However, you can only claim income-related ESA if your circumstances change and you are in receipt of the Severe Disability Premium or received the Severe Disability Premium within the last month and you’re still eligible for it.
You can read detailed information on Employment and Support Allowance in relation to mental health if you’d like to find out more.
- What you're entitled to
- Universal Credit
- Employment and Support Allowance
- Jobseeker’s Allowance
- Income Support
- Incapacity Benefit
- Severe Disablement Allowance
- Statutory Sick Pay
- Working Tax Credits
- Personal Independence Payment
- Housing Benefit
- Support for Mortgage Interest
- Council Tax: Exemptions and support
- Social Fund
- Next steps