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Last updated:
19/10/2018

What does ‘capacity’ mean?

  1. Overview
  2. Can a bank lend to me when I am unwell?
  3. What does ‘capacity’ mean?
  4. Free help is available
  5. What should banks do to protect me?
  6. What can I do if I have a debt I cannot pay?
  7. How can I complain?
  8. Can I return things I bought when I was unwell?
  9. Next steps

You ‘have capacity’ to take out a loan if you can:

  • Understand and remember information about the loan,
  • Weigh up that information when deciding whether you want the loan, and
  • Let someone know what your decision is.

If you can't do one of these things, you ‘lack capacity’ at the time.

What if I took out a loan when I lacked capacity?

It can be hard to prove that you lacked capacity, especially if it was a long time ago. However, in Scot’s law, if you can prove that you lacked capacity then the original agreement will be judged as void.

However, the lender should have known you lacked capacity if:

  • You told them you had an illness,
  • They could see that you were finding it hard to follow the conversation and understand what they said,
  • They know you have an appointee for benefit purposes,
  • Your attorney under a Continuing Power of Attorney told the lender you lack capacity,
  • The lender knows that you are subject to an Office of Public Guardian order,
  • You told the lender that you wanted to spend the money on something unusual, or
  • You talked about unusual or unrelated things when they were explaining the loan agreement.

The law that governs mental capacity is the Adults with Incapacity (Scotland) Act 2000.

The law that governs mental capacity is the Adults with Incapacity (Scotland) Act 2000.

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Within this subject

  1. Overview
  2. Can a bank lend to me when I am unwell?
  3. What does ‘capacity’ mean?
  4. Free help is available
  5. What should banks do to protect me?
  6. What can I do if I have a debt I cannot pay?
  7. How can I complain?
  8. Can I return things I bought when I was unwell?
  9. Next steps
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