Child Disability Payment
Child Disability Payment
Child Disability Payment replaced Disability Living Allowance for children in November 2021. The new benefit is being delivered by Social Security Scotland through the Scottish Government with existing cases having been transferred over from the Department of Work and Pensions.
This guide will discuss everything you need to know about the new benefit, including qualifying criteria, the amount of Child Disability Payment you will receive, and what you can do if you disagree with the decision made on your application.
What is Child Disability Payment?
Child Disability Payment provides financial support for the extra care and supervision that may occur for a disabled child under the age of 16.
Child Disability Payment is tax-free and is not means-tested so it is not affected by earnings or savings. A child’s disability can be either physical or mental and Child Disability Payment can be claimed even if the child does not have an official diagnosis.
How Does the Case Transfer Work?
Case transfers began in November 2021 and as of May 2022, payments were been made to over 3,050 children and young people in Scotland. Read the news item on the Scottish Government website.
If your child is currently claiming Disability Living Allowance for Children, then you do not have to take any action as your child’s application will automatically be transferred over to Child Disability Payment in stages. It is anticipated that the case transfer will be complete by Spring 2023.
Before your case transfer starts, Social Security Scotland will contact you via a letter to let you know that the transfer has begun.
The case transfer process can take up to three months to complete and Social Security Scotland will keep you informed each step of the way via letter for the following updates:
- When your award begins
- When they will start paying you
- When the transfer has ended
Up until the case transfer is complete, your child will remain on Disability Living Allowance and payments will continue as usual. There will also not be any gaps between payments during the transfer process.
Once your child’s application has transferred over to Child Disability Payment the rate of payment will be the same as what they received for Disability Living Allowance.
What is the Criteria for Meeting Child Disability Payment?
The criteria for meeting Child Disability Payments is the same as that for Disability Living Allowance. Adults or guardians with parental rights can claim on behalf of a child that is under the age of sixteen.
The general criteria is as follows:-
- Must live in Scotland
- Satisfy the rules on age
- Must meet the disability test
However, if a child has sufficient links to Scotland by either having lived there for a prolonged period or has a close relative who has lived in Scotland, they may be entitled to Child Disability Payment.
If a child is terminally ill and is under the age of 16 then Child Disability Payment can provide financial support to children and their families during a terminal illness. Read the supportive guide produced by Social Security Scotland: Disability assistance for terminally ill children.
While you can claim Child Disability Payment even if your child does not have a diagnosis, Social Security Scotland may ask for extra information on the symptoms the child has and how they are affected by their disability.
How Much is Child Disability Payment?
The amount of Child Disability Payment that you receive will depend on the specific component and payment scale that your child qualifies for.
There are three different payment rates: - lowest, middle, and highest. The rate of payment you will receive will depend on the severity of your child’s disability and the type of disability it is, for example, whether your child requires the care or mobility component of the payment.
There are two components of Child Disability Payment. The type of component your child will receive will depend on their specific disability. Both components are paid at a weekly rate.
It may be the case that your child is entitled to both components if they meet the criteria. If this is the case, you do not need to make two separate applications.
The Care Component
The care component is offered at three different rates:
The lowest rate of the care component is set at £24.45 per week and is for children that require attention and close personal care such as:
- Requiring help with their bodily functions either once or several times throughout the day
- Are aged 16 or over and require assistance with cooking a main meal as their disability prevents them from carrying this out
The middle payment rate for the care component is a set weekly rate of £61.85 and is for children that meet one of the following conditions:
- Require frequent supervision throughout either the day or the night in relation to either daytime or night-time condition
- They are receiving renal dialysis treatment, at least twice a week during either the day or at night
- Need continual supervision either during the day or night to prevent the child from inflicting substantial danger on themselves or others.
The highest payment rate offered within the care component is paid weekly at £92.40 and is for children that require the highest level of care such as:
- Require attention throughout either the day or night or both in connection with their bodily fluids due to either a physical or mental condition
- Needs continual supervision during the day and a person to be awake during the night or for prolonged periods of time to prevent
- Receives renal dialysis treatment at least twice a week during the day and at night
- Is terminally ill
The Mobility Component
The Mobility Component of Child Disability Payment has two payment rates one which is lower and one which is higher.
The lower payment is a weekly rate of £24.45 and is paid if the child meets the following criteria:
- Is aged five or over
- Able to walk, however, requires guidance and supervision from another person to move around outside
The higher payment is set at £64.50 and is also paid weekly. To qualify for the higher mobility payment children must be:
- Aged three and over
- Either cannot walk or walks with great difficulty
- Has a severe mental health disability
- Has a severe visual impairment
- Has extreme behavioural difficulties due to severe mental impairment
- Their health would deteriorate from the effort of walking
How Does the Application Process Work?
Social Security Scotland have tried to tailor the application process of each of their benefits to be relatively straightforward to minimise stress and anxiety.
If a child is already claiming Disability Living Allowance for Children, then there is no need to make a new application as their application will transfer over from the Department of Work and Pensions to Social Security Scotland.
The application for Child Disability Benefit is split into two different parts and it is advised that each part is completed within six weeks. Once the first part of the application has been completed this will officially register the date of your claim.
The second part of the application requires you to provide detailed information about both you and the child that you are claiming for. The information that you provide will help to assess the specific needs of your child’s care and mobility requirements.
How Can I Apply for Child Disability Payment?
Child Disability Payment can be applied for over the phone, online and via post.
If you decide to apply online you can complete the application through myaccount which allows you to start and save your application as you go.
If you are keen to apply via the phone then Social Security Scotland can be contacted on: 0800 182 2222. Monday to Friday 8am to 6pm. A member of Social Security Scotland will request a few details about both you and your child to start the application process.
There is also the option to request a paper copy of the application.
When will I receive a decision about my application?
Social Security Scotland endeavour to communicate a decision on Child Disability Payment applications within 6 to 8 weeks of receiving applications.
However, if a child has a terminal illness the decision will be communicated within 7 working days.
A decision letter known as a notice of determination will be sent to either the parent / guardian or child if they’re over the age of 16 and managing their own payments.
When can I expect the first payment of Child Disability Payment?
If you have been successful in your application and awarded Child Disability Payment, this will be backdated to the date that you submitted the first part of the application.
Going forward, Child Disability Payment is paid every four weeks in arrears and will be paid into the bank account supplied in your application.
Can I ask for a Re-Determination?
In some circumstances you may not agree with the outcome which Social Security Scotland has reached on your application. In this instance you may be able to ask Social Security Scotland to reassess your claim.
There are a few different ways that you can ask Social Security Scotland to review their decision on your new application.
You can complete a paper re-determination form which includes a series of tick boxes and information sections that require to be filled in with information on both you, the parent, guardian or appointee, and the child that you are claiming on behalf of.
If you ask for a redetermination to be processed six weeks after you have received the initial decision from Social Security Scotland, you will have to provide the reason why your request was late.
It is important to give an in-depth account of why your request for a re-determination was late as each case and reasons provided are looked at on an individual basis.
For further information on the Child Disability Payment you can visit mygov.scot website.
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