Who can get Personal Independence Payment (PIP)?
To get Personal Independence Payment (PIP) you must:
- Be 16 or over,
- Be under 65 or below pensionable age - whichever is higher,
- Meet the residence and presence criteria,
- Meet the qualifying period conditions, and
- Pass the daily living or mobility test.
If your child is under 16
If your child is under 16, you can claim Disability Living Allowance (DLA) for them. But the Social Security Agency (SSA) may ask them to claim PIP when they reach their 16th birthday.
If you are over 64
If you have already claimed PIP by the time you reach 65, you will continue to get the benefit for as long you continue to meet the conditions.
If you are already over 65, you cannot make a new claim for PIP. You will need to claim Attendance Allowance instead.
Residence and presence criteria
To meet the residence and presence criteria you must:
- Be in Northern Ireland,
- Have been in Northern Ireland for 104 weeks in the past three years, and
- Be ‘habitually resident’ in the UK. This means that you intend to stay in the country and are allowed to live permanently in the UK, the Republic of Ireland, the Isle of Man or the Channel Islands.
There are some exceptions where you can claim PIP if you are not in Northern Ireland. These include if you are in the Armed Forces or if you are away temporarily.
The qualifying period
You have to:
- Have met the disability criteria three months before your claim starts, and
- Be likely to meet the disability criteria for nine months from the beginning of your claim.
This means that the SSA decides your claim on a period of 12 months, looking back for three months and forward for nine months. They have to take into account if your illness changes over time.
They have to take into account if your illness changes over time.
Daily living and mobility activities
The SSA has to be satisfied that you have problems with certain daily living or mobility activities. These activities are as follows:
Daily living activities:
- Preparing food,
- Taking in food or drink,
- Managing therapy or monitoring a health condition,
- Washing and bathing,
- Managing toilet needs or incontinence,
- Dressing and undressing,
- Communicating verbally,
- Reading and understanding signs, symbols and words,
- Being in face-to-face contact with other people, and
- Deciding about your money and budget.
- Planning and following journeys and
- Moving around.
Each activity has a number of statements. If a statement applies to you, you will score points. The SSA will decide which statement best fits your situation most of the time. You will get a set amount of points ranging from 0-12 points for each activity.
The total number of points you get for each group of activities will decide whether you are entitled to PIP, and how much money you will get.
To get the standard rate daily living component, you need to score 8 to 11 points in total for the daily living activities. You need 12 points to get the enhanced rate.
To get the standard rate mobility component, you need to score 8 to 11 points in total for the mobility activities. You need 12 points to get the enhanced rate.
Karl has anxiety and depression. He rarely leaves the house alone, and will not answer his telephone or door unless he knows who is calling. He worries about speaking to people because of panic attacks.
Karl can talk to people when he is with his social worker. He finds it difficult but he knows that his social worker will help to calm him down if he has a panic attack.
The SSA may give Karl 4 points for the daily living activity ‘Engaging with other people face to face.’ This is because Karl needs social support to talk to other people face to face.
Karl would need to score at least four more points on the other daily living activities to get the daily living component at the standard rate.
- What is PIP?
- What if I claim Disability Living Allowance (DLA)?
- Who can get Personal Independence Payment (PIP)?
- How will I be assessed for Personal Independence Payment (PIP)?
- How do I claim?
- The ‘How your disability affects you’ form?
- Should I get supporting evidence?
- Will I have to go to a face to face medical assessment?
- Can I appeal if I think a decision is wrong?
- Do I need to speak to a welfare advisor?
- What happens if my health changes when I’m getting Personal Independence Payment (PIP)?
- Can someone claim Personal Independence Payment (PIP) for me?
- Information on Personal Independence Payment (PIP)
- Next steps